R web

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R Web Applications

See also CRAN Task View: Web Technologies and Services

Rmarkdown: create HTML5 web, slides and more

Rmarkdown

HTTP protocol

An HTTP server is conceptually simple:

  1. Open port 80 for listening
  2. When contact is made, gather a little information (get mainly - you can ignore the rest for now)
  3. Translate the request into a file request
  4. Open the file and spit it back at the client

It gets more difficult depending on how much of HTTP you want to support - POST is a little more complicated, scripts, handling multiple requests, etc.

Example in R

> co <- socketConnection(port=8080, server=TRUE, blocking=TRUE) 
> # Now open a web browser and type http://localhost:8080/index.html
> readLines(co,1)
[1] "GET /index.html HTTP/1.1"
> readLines(co,1)
[1] "Host: localhost:8080"
> readLines(co,1)
[1] "User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux i686; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0"
> readLines(co,1)
[1] "Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8"
> readLines(co,1)
[1] "Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5"
> readLines(co,1)
[1] "Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate"
> readLines(co,1)
[1] "Connection: keep-alive"
> readLines(co,1)
[1] ""

Example in C (Very simple http server written in C, 187 lines)

Create a simple hello world html page and save it as <index.html> in the current directory (/home/brb/Downloads/)

Launch the server program (assume we have done gcc http_server.c -o http_server)

$ ./http_server -p 50002
Server started at port no. 50002 with root directory as /home/brb/Downloads

Secondly open a browser and type http://localhost:50002/index.html. The server will respond

GET /index.html HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost:50002
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux i686; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Connection: keep-alive

file: /home/brb/Downloads/index.html
GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost:50002
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux i686; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Connection: keep-alive

file: /home/brb/Downloads/favicon.ico
GET /favicon.ico HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost:50003
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux i686; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Connection: keep-alive

file: /home/brb/Downloads/favicon.ico

The browser will show the page from <index.html> in server.

The only bad thing is the code does not close the port. For example, if I have use Ctrl+C to close the program and try to re-launch with the same port, it will complain socket() or bind(): Address already in use.

Another Example in C (55 lines)

http://mwaidyanatha.blogspot.com/2011/05/writing-simple-web-server-in-c.html

The response is embedded in the C code.

If we test the server program by opening a browser and type "http://localhost:15000/", the server received the follwing 7 lines

GET / HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost:15000
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Ubuntu; Linux i686; rv:23.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/23.0
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Connection: keep-alive

If we include a non-executable file's name in the url, we will be able to download that file. Try "http://localhost:15000/client.c".

If we use telnet program to test, wee need to type anything we want

$ telnet localhost 15000
Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.
Escape character is '^]'.
ThisCanBeAnything        <=== This is what I typed in the client and it is also shown on server
HTTP/1.1 200 OK          <=== From here is what I got from server
Content-length: 37Content-Type: text/html

HTML_DATA_HERE_AS_YOU_MENTIONED_ABOVE <=== The html tags are not passed from server, interesting!
Connection closed by foreign host.
$ 

See also more examples under C page.

Others

shiny

See Shiny.

plumber: Turning your R code into a RESTful Web API

Docker

httpuv

http and WebSocket library.

See also the servr package which can start an HTTP server in R to serve static files, or dynamic documents that can be converted to HTML files (e.g., R Markdown) under a given directory.

RApache

gWidgetsWWW

Rook

See Rook.

sumo

Sumo is a fully-functional web application template that exposes an authenticated user's R session within java server pages. See the paper http://journal.r-project.org/archive/2012-1/RJournal_2012-1_Bergsma+Smith.pdf.

Stockplot

FastRWeb

http://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/FastRWeb/index.html

WebDriver

'WebDriver' Client for 'PhantomJS'

https://github.com/rstudio/webdriver

Rwui

CGHWithR and WebDevelopR

CGHwithR is still working with old version of R although it is removed from CRAN. Its successor is WebDevelopR. Its The vignette (year 2013) provides a review of several available methods.

manipulate from RStudio

This is not a web application. But the manipulate package can be used to create interactive plot within R(Studio) environment easily. Its source is available at here.

Mathematica also has manipulate function for plotting; see here.

RCloud

RCloud is an environment for collaboratively creating and sharing data analysis scripts. RCloud lets you mix analysis code in R, HTML5, Markdown, Python, and others. Much like Sage, iPython notebooks and Mathematica, RCloud provides a notebook interface that lets you easily record a session and annotate it with text, equations, and supporting images.

See also the Talk in UseR 2014.

cloudyr and flyio - Input Output Files in R from Cloud or Local

https://blog.socialcops.com/inside-sc/announcements/flyio-r-package-interact-data-cloud/ Announcing flyio, an R Package to Interact with Data in the Cloud]

Dropbox access

rdrop2 package

Web page scraping

http://www.slideshare.net/schamber/web-data-from-r#btnNext

xml2 package

rvest package depends on xml2.

rvest

Easy web scraping with R

On Ubuntu, we need to install two packages first!

sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev # OR libcurl4-gnutls-dev

sudo apt-get install libxml2-dev

Animate

V8: Embedded JavaScript Engine for R

R⁶ — General (Attys) Distributions: V8, rvest, ggbeeswarm, hrbrthemes and tidyverse packages are used.

pubmed.mineR

Text mining of PubMed Abstracts (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed). The algorithms are designed for two formats (text and XML) from PubMed.

R code for scraping the P-values from pubmed, calculating the Science-wise False Discovery Rate, et al (Jeff Leek)

These R packages import sports, weather, stock data and more

Diving Into Dynamic Website Content with splashr

https://rud.is/b/2017/02/09/diving-into-dynamic-website-content-with-splashr/

Network

netstat

https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/netstat/index.html

Send email

curl

https://www.rdocumentation.org/packages/curl/versions/4.2/topics/send_mail send_mail()]

blastula (RStudio)

mailR

Easiest. Require rJava package (not trivial to install, see rJava). mailR is an interface to Apache Commons Email to send emails from within R. See also send bulk email

Before we use the mailR package, we have followed here to have Allow less secure apps: 'ON' ; or you might get an error Error: EmailException (Java): Sending the email to the following server failed : smtp.gmail.com:465. Once we turn on this option, we may get an email for the notification of this change. Note that the recipient can be other than a gmail.

> send.mail(from = "[email protected]",
  to = c("[email protected]", "Recipient 2 <[email protected]>"),
  replyTo = c("Reply to someone else <[email protected]>")
  subject = "Subject of the email",
  body = "Body of the email",
  smtp = list(host.name = "smtp.gmail.com", port = 465, user.name = "gmail_username", passwd = "password", ssl = TRUE),
  attach.files ="./myattachment.txt",
  authenticate = TRUE,
  send = TRUE)
[1] "Java-Object{[email protected]}"

gmailr

More complicated. gmailr provides access the Google's gmail.com RESTful API. Vignette and an example on here. Note that it does not use a password; it uses a json file for oauth authentication downloaded from https://console.cloud.google.com/. See also https://github.com/jimhester/gmailr/issues/1.

library(gmailr)
gmail_auth('mysecret.json', scope = 'compose') 

test_email <- mime() %>%
  to("[email protected]") %>%
  from("[email protected]") %>%
  subject("This is a subject") %>%
  html_body("<html><body>I wish this was bold</body></html>")
send_message(test_email)

sendmailR

sendmailR provides a simple SMTP client. It is not clear how to use the package (i.e. where to enter the password).

emayili

emayili: Sending Email from R

GEO (Gene Expression Omnibus)

See this internal link.

Interactive html output

sendplot

RIGHT

The supported plot types include scatterplot, barplot, box plot, line plot and pie plot.

In addition to tooltip boxes, the package can create a table showing all information about selected nodes.

r2d3

r2d3 - R Interface to D3 Visualizations

d3Network

library(d3Network)

Source <- c("A", "A", "A", "A", "B", "B", "C", "C", "D") 
Target <- c("B", "C", "D", "J", "E", "F", "G", "H", "I") 
NetworkData <- data.frame(Source, Target) 

d3SimpleNetwork(NetworkData, height = 800, width = 1024, file="tmp.html")

htmlwidgets for R

Embed widgets in R Markdown documents and Shiny web applications.

networkD3

This is a port of Christopher Gandrud's d3Network package to the htmlwidgets framework.

scatterD3

scatterD3 is an HTML R widget for interactive scatter plots visualization. It is based on the htmlwidgets R package and on the d3.js javascript library.

dygraphs

rthreejs - Create interactive 3D scatter plots, network plots, and globes

Examples

rayshader: 2D and 3D mapping and data visualization with shades

https://github.com/tylermorganwall/rayshader

On Rstudio server, we need options(rgl.printRglwidget = TRUE) ; see Why is my 3D plot not showing up in R Studio plot viewer?.

d3heatmap

See R

svgPanZoom

This 'htmlwidget' provides pan and zoom interactivity to R graphics, including 'base', 'lattice', and 'ggplot2'. The interactivity is provided through the 'svg-pan-zoom.js' library.

DT: An R interface to the DataTables library

plotly

highcharter

https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/highcharter/ Good for time series plot.

Amazon

Download product information and reviews from Amazon.com

sudo apt-get install libxml2-dev
sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev

and in R

install.packages("devtools")
install.packages("XML")
install.packages("pbapply")
install.packages("dplyr")
devtools::install_github("56north/Rmazon")
product_info <- Rmazon::get_product_info("1593273843")
reviews <- Rmazon::get_reviews("1593273843")
reviews[1,6] # only show partial characters from the 1st review
nchar(reviews[1,6])
as.character(reviews[1,6]) # show the complete text from the 1st review

reviews <- Rmazon::get_reviews("B07BNGJXGS")
# Fetching 30 reviews of 'BOOX Note Ereader,Android 6.0 32 GB 10.3" Dual Touch HD Display'
#   |++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++| 100% elapsed = 02s
reviews
# A tibble: 30 x 6
   reviewRating reviewDate reviewFormat Verified_Purcha… reviewHeadline
          <dbl> <chr>      <lgl>        <lgl>            <chr>         
 1            4 May 23, 2… NA           TRUE             Good for PDF …
 2            3 May 8, 20… NA           FALSE            The reading s…
 3            5 May 17, 2… NA           TRUE             E-reader and …
 4            3 May 24, 2… NA           TRUE             Good hardware…
 5            3 June 21, … NA           TRUE             Poor QC       
 6            5 August 5,… NA           TRUE             Excellent for…
 7            5 May 31, 2… NA           TRUE             Especially li…
 8            5 July 4, 2… NA           TRUE             Android 6 rea…
 9            4 July 15, … NA           TRUE             Remember the …
10            4 June 9, 2… NA           TRUE             Overall fanta…
# ... with 20 more rows, and 1 more variable: reviewText <chr>
reviews[1, 6] # 6-th column is the review text

gutenbergr

Edinbr: Text Mining with R

Twitter

Faces of #rstats Twitter

OCR

Wikipedia

WikipediR: R's MediaWiki API client library