Difference between revisions of "Bioconductor"

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=== From the director of the project ===
 
=== From the director of the project ===
[https://t.co/rfKF3ABFJp?amp=1 useR 2019]
+
[https://t.co/rfKF3ABFJp?amp=1 useR 2019] & [https://youtu.be/YEQ5xFewbdA?t=891 youtube]
  
 
== Mirrors ==
 
== Mirrors ==

Latest revision as of 14:21, 12 July 2019

Project

Release News

Annual reports

http://bioconductor.org/about/annual-reports/

Download stats

From the director of the project

useR 2019 & youtube

Mirrors

https://www.bioconductor.org/about/mirrors/

Github mirror

Japan

http://bioconductor.jp

Package source

Code search

http://search.bioconductor.jp/

BiocManager from CRAN

The reason for using BiocManager instead of biocLite() is mostly to stop sourcing an R script from URL which isn’t so safe. So biocLite() should not be recommended anymore.

It allows to have multiple versions of Bioconductor installed on the same computer. For example, R 3.5 works with Bioconductor 3.7 and 3.8.

On the other hand, setRepositories(ind=1:4) and install.packages() still lets you install Bioconductor packages.

Hacking Bioconductor

BiocPkgTools

BioCExplorer

Explore Bioconductor packages more nicely

source("https://bioconductor.org/biocLite.R")
biocLite("BiocUpgrade")
biocLite("biocViews")
devtools::install_github("seandavi/BiocPkgTools")
devtools::install_github("shians/BioCExplorer")
library(BioCExplorer)
bioc_explore()

BiocExplorer.png

BiocViews

  • Software
    • AssayDomain
    • BiologicalQuestion
    • Infrastructure
    • ResearchField
    • StatisticalMethod
    • Technology
    • WorkflowStep
  • AnnotationData
    • ChipManufacturer
    • ChipName
    • CustomArray
    • CustomCDF
    • CustomDBSchema
    • FunctionalAnnotation
    • Organism
    • PackageType
    • SequenceAnnotation
  • ExperimentData
    • AssayDomainData
    • DiseaseModel
    • OrganismData
    • PackageTypeData
    • RepositoryData
    • ReproducibleResearch
    • SpecimenSource
    • TechnologyData
  • Workflow
    • AnnotationWorkflow
    • BasicWorkflow
    • DifferentialSplicingWorkflow
    • EpigeneticsWorkflow
    • GeneExpressionWorkflow
    • GenomicVariantsWorkflow
    • ImmunoOncologyWorkflow
    • ProteomicsWorkflow
    • ResourceQueryingWorkflow
    • SingleCellWorkflow

Annotation packages

Gene centric

library(hgu133a.db)
library(AnnotationDbi)
k <- head(keys(hgu133a.db, keytype="PROBEID"))
k
# [1] "1007_s_at" "1053_at"   "117_at"    "121_at"    "1255_g_at" "1294_at"
# then call select
select(hgu133a.db, keys=k, columns=c("SYMBOL","GENENAME"), keytype="PROBEID")

# 'select()' returned 1:many mapping between keys and columns
#     PROBEID  SYMBOL                                     GENENAME
# 1 1007_s_at    DDR1  discoidin domain receptor tyrosine kinase 1
# 2 1007_s_at MIR4640                                microRNA 4640
# 3   1053_at    RFC2               replication factor C subunit 2
# 4    117_at   HSPA6 heat shock protein family A (Hsp70) member 6
# 5    121_at    PAX8                                 paired box 8
# 6 1255_g_at  GUCA1A               guanylate cyclase activator 1A
# 7   1294_at    UBA7  ubiquitin like modifier activating enzyme 7
# 8   1294_at MIR5193                                microRNA 5193

Genomic centric

Web based

Workflow

Using Bioconductor for Sequence Data

Some packages

Biobase, GEOquery and limma

How to create an ExpressionSet object from scratch? Here we use the code from GEO2R to help to do this task.

library(Biobase)
library(GEOquery)
library(limma)

# Load series and platform data from GEO

gset <- getGEO("GSE32474", GSEMatrix =TRUE, AnnotGPL=TRUE)
if (length(gset) > 1) idx <- grep("GPL570", attr(gset, "names")) else idx <- 1
gset <- gset[[idx]]
# save(gset, file = "~/Downloads/gse32474_gset.rda")
# load("~/Downloads/gse32474_gset.rda")
table(pData(gset)[, "cell line:ch1"])
pData(gset)

# Create an ExpressionSet object from scratch
# We take a shortcut to obtain the pheno data and feature data matrices 
# from the output of getGEO()
phenoDat <- new("AnnotatedDataFrame",
                 data=pData(gset))
featureDat <- new("AnnotatedDataFrame",
                  data=fData(gset))
exampleSet <- ExpressionSet(assayData=exprs(gset),
                            phenoData=phenoDat,
                            featureData=featureDat,
                            annotation="hgu133plus2")
gset <- exampleSet

# Make proper column names to match toptable 
fvarLabels(gset) <- make.names(fvarLabels(gset))

# group names for all samples
gsms <- paste0("00000000111111111XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX",
               "XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX",
               "XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX",
               "XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX")
sml <- c()
for (i in 1:nchar(gsms)) { sml[i] <- substr(gsms,i,i) }

# Subset an ExpressionSet by eliminating samples marked as "X"
sel <- which(sml != "X")
sml <- sml[sel]
gset <- gset[ ,sel]

# Decide if it is necessary to do a log2 transformation
ex <- exprs(gset)
qx <- as.numeric(quantile(ex, c(0., 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 0.99, 1.0), na.rm=T))
LogC <- (qx[5] > 100) ||
  (qx[6]-qx[1] > 50 && qx[2] > 0) ||
  (qx[2] > 0 && qx[2] < 1 && qx[4] > 1 && qx[4] < 2)
if (LogC) { ex[which(ex <= 0)] <- NaN
exprs(gset) <- log2(ex) }

# Set up the data and proceed with analysis
sml <- paste("G", sml, sep="")    # set group names
fl <- as.factor(sml)
gset$description <- fl
design <- model.matrix(~ description + 0, gset)
colnames(design) <- levels(fl)
fit <- lmFit(gset, design)
cont.matrix <- makeContrasts(G1-G0, levels=design)
fit2 <- contrasts.fit(fit, cont.matrix)
fit2 <- eBayes(fit2, 0.01)
tT <- topTable(fit2, adjust="fdr", sort.by="B", number=250)

# Display the result with selected columns
tT <- subset(tT, select=c("ID","adj.P.Val","P.Value","t","B","logFC","Gene.symbol","Gene.title"))
tT[1:2, ]
#                  ID  adj.P.Val      P.Value        t        B    logFC Gene.symbol
# 209108_at 209108_at 0.08400054 4.438757e-06 6.686977 3.786222 3.949088      TSPAN6
# 204975_at 204975_at 0.08400054 6.036355e-06 6.520775 3.550036 2.919995        EMP2
#                             Gene.title
# 209108_at                 tetraspanin 6
# 204975_at epithelial membrane protein 2

Biostrings

library(Biostrings) 
library(BSgenome.Hsapiens.UCSC.hg19) 
vmatchPattern("GCGATCGC", Hsapiens)

plyranges

http://bioconductor.org/packages/devel/bioc/vignettes/plyranges/inst/doc/an-introduction.html

Misc

Package release history

https://support.bioconductor.org/p/69657/

Search the DESCRIPTION file (eg. VariantAnnotation package) in github and the release information can be found there.