Difference between revisions of "Writing"

From 太極
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Tags: Mobile edit Mobile web edit
Line 53: Line 53:
   We believe that this shows ...
   We believe that this shows ...
= Reading a scientific paper =
[https://journals.plos.org/ploscompbiol/article?id=10.1371/journal.pcbi.1008032 Ten simple rules for reading a scientific paper]
= Review papers =
= Review papers =

Revision as of 18:28, 1 August 2020

The Elements of Style by William Strunk Jr

  1. Form the possessive singular of nouns by adding's 單數名詞字尾加’s,構成名詞所有格
  2. In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last 敘述一系列超過三個以上的名詞,在最後一個名詞前使用連接詞,其餘的每個名詞以逗號分隔
  3. Enclose parenthetic expressions between commas 將作附帶說明用的插入句放在兩個逗號中間
  4. Place a comma before a conjunction introducing a co-ordinate clause 以連接詞 and 或 but 引介獨立子句,在連接詞的前方標示逗號
  5. Do no join independent clauses by a comma 不可用逗號直接連接獨立子句
  6. Do no break sentences in two 不可將句子任意拆成兩部分
  7. A participial phrase at the beginning of a sentence must refer to the grammatical subject 在行末須將單詞拆成兩半時,必須遵守構字和發音的法則
  8. Make the paragraph the unit of composition: one paragraph to each topic 將每個段落視為一個單位:每個段落有其中心宗旨
  9. As a rule, begin each paragraph with a topic sentence, end it in conformity with the beginning. 每個段落以一句主題句 (topic sentence)開頭,結尾須與開頭呼應
  10. Use the active voice. 使用主動語態
  11. Put statement in positive form. 盡量使用肯定句
  12. Use definite, specific, concrete language.
  13. Omit needless words. 刪除贅字
  14. Avoid a succession of loose sentences 避免連續使用結構鬆散的句子
  15. Express co-ordinate ideas in similar form 以相似的句型結構敘述對等的概念
  16. Keep related words together 將相關的詞放在一起
  17. In summaries, keep to one tense 摘要敘述時,維持同一時態
  18. Place the emphatic words of a sentence at the end 將欲強調的詞或詞組放在句子末尾

英文寫作風格的要素(中英完整版), 英文寫作風格的要素

The Sense of Style

The Only Grammar Book You'll Ever Need

Online tools

The 5 Best Grammar Checkers

Ten simple rules for structuring papers


Writing Resources

NIH Library

Writing in the Sciences


  • Essentials of writing biomedical research papers, Mimi Zeiger, McGraw Hill

Use past tense for completed actions:

  We found that ...
  Weomen were more likely to ...
  Men smoked more cigarettes than ...
  The avergae reaction time was ...

Use the present tense for assertions that continue to be true, such as what the tables show, what you believe, and what the data suggest:

  Figure 1 shows ...
  The findings confirm ...
  The data suggest ...
  We believe that this shows ...

Reading a scientific paper

Ten simple rules for reading a scientific paper

Review papers

How to review a paper




a, an


See some instances below

  • What is an STL sequence? // NOT What is 'a' STL sequence?
  • Assuming that you have an SSH server running ...
  • It also adds an S3 print method for the returned object.
  • Saving scan results in an XML format. Scan results can be written into an XML file.
  • Senate Republicans and the White House should drop their inexplicable opposition to an FBI investigation.
  • A utility for easy downloading of reads from NGS repositories like NCBI SRA.




  • It's on the upper right side.
  • It's in the bottom left corner.
  • "at the top" or "at the bottom"
  • "on the left side" or "on the right side"

See http://www.phrasemix.com/phrases/the-top-bottom-right-left-corner




  • How to Use a Semicolon Correctly
  • (From the paper "ASSESSMENT AND COMPARISON OF PROGNOSTIC CLASSIFICATION SCHEMES FOR SURVIVAL DATA") Table I. Prognostic study in node negative breast cancer: results from full Cox model and backward elimination.

[math]\displaystyle{ \hat{\beta} }[/math], estimated log-relative risk; RR, relative risk; P, P-value (full Cox model); [math]\displaystyle{ \hat{\beta}_{BE} }[/math], estimated log-relative risk of selected factors after backward elimination


  • Source.
    • If you use a French press, a percolator, or prefer to drink espresso, then your coffee consists of a significantly higher amount of cafestol than if you use paper filtered or instant coffee, which causes the body’s low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels to rise.
    • Since the discovery of the coffee plant, which is said to have originated in Ethiopia when a goat herder noticed his goats’ increased energy levels after they accidentally consumed the unknown berries, science has made great advances in the coffee world.

That being said vs. That means


'I.e.' and 'E.g.'

When to Use 'I.e.' and 'E.g.'


Two Useful Apps To Turn Your Writing From Good To Great


Cover letter

Recommendation letter

Goodbye letter


Writing Words of Condolence

With deep regret we say good-bye to our esteemed colleague XXX. Our sympathies go out to his family.

Web Tools




Acronyms 縮寫




  • Android can be a hindrance as much as it can be an advantage, however. Android apps aren't designed for E Ink screens so they often present problems with excessive screen flashing, sometimes menus are unreadable, and a lot of apps are just flat not compatible.